Laser Vision Correction

(laser refractive surgery, laser eye surgery, laser treatment of presbyopia, Laser Vision Correction Abroad, LASIK, Laser Vision Correction Poland, Eye Surgery)

1. General Treatment Information

a) Expected results, benefits

What are the advantages of Laser Vision Correction?

After laser eye surgery most Patients do not longer need corrective eyewear. The procedure corrects vision almost immediately and is associated with very little pain. Usually, no stitches are required, and recovery is quick.

b) About the procedure

The procedure is used to correct common vision problems (such as astigmatism, farsightedness, nearsightedness, presbyopia) and to reduce Patient’s dependence on contact lenses/eyeglasses. Laser eye surgery is a form of refractive surgery and uses a beam of ultraviolet light to reshape Patients cornea. Adjusting the curve of cornea allows light to be focused just on the retina at the back. The most popular methods are called LASIK and are chosen by 95% of Patients.  The operator uses either a mechanical device called a microkeratome or femtosecond laser to create a very thin corneal flap, about 0.1 mm. Surgeon lifts corneal flap back on a hinge and reshapes with the laser the bed of the cornea. Depending on Patients need it can flatten the cornea to correct short-sightedness, make it steeper for long-sightedness or improves symmetry to help in astigmatism. The surgeon uses a computer to adjust the excimer laser exactly for your particular prescription. When the operator puts the corneal flap back, it stays in this new shape. Each procedure takes about five minutes; it is performed on each eye separately.

c) Treatment Schedule

Before undergoing the laser eye surgery, you need to use a detailed consultation with your Doctor. He will perform a qualification examination and complementary examinations if needed (Likely tests include measuring corneal thickness, refraction, and pupil dilation as well as other eye conditions). The moistness of your eyes needs to be evaluated to reduce dry eyes effect after the surgery. You will also need to undergo analysis to prepare a map of your cornea.
Right after the surgery, you will need to rest; you may feel a temporary discomfort like burning or itching in your eye. During the first hour after surgery, you should expect blurry visions or haziness. Clarity should improve next morning.
First control will be done after 24 hours of the treatment.

d) Potential side effects

What are the disadvantages and risks of Laser Vision Correction?

Although laser eye surgery in the right hands, technology and aftercare is extremely safe, as a Patient you need to be conscious that changes made to the cornea can not be reversed after having the laser eye surgery, only an additional correction can be done. In very rare cases (1:10000) the surgery can permanently affect vision. Same patients can experience discomfort right after surgery (to 48 hours).

e) Full Recovery Time

Your eyes will start healing quickly after surgery; you will experience some blurry visions during the first days or sometimes weeks. Most Patients can come back to daily routines such as working the day after the surgery. In most cases, vision becomes stable and clear at six-month control visit.

2. Patient’s preparation

Before the consultation, you should be out of contact lenses, from 1 week when it comes to all soft contact lenses or extended wear soft lenses, up to 12 weeks with true hard lenses from polymethyl methacrylate. You should provide your general health history to your eye doctor including any medications you are taking to determine if you are a good candidate for laser vision correction. The day before surgery you should stop using cremes, perfumes, makeup, lotions. You should not do any sports up to three days following surgery. To prevent infections you should wait two weeks before using any cosmetics around an eye. You should avoid swimming for up to 2 months and avoid strenuous exercises and contact sports such as martial arts. You can fly after 2-3 days after the procedure, but please prepare artificial tears.

3. Diagnostics

Essential tests include measuring corneal thickness, refraction, and pupil dilation will be performed in the clinic.

4. Qualification for the procedure

There are many factors having the impact on the outcome of the surgery that is why not everybody could undergo laser eye treatment. Doctor will probably ask you about:
Medical conditions – it is important to know if have an autoimmune disease, a chronic illness or other major illness that may slow or detain healing?
Eye conditions – you need to tell the doctor if you had any problems with your eyes if you need to wear glasses.
Medications – do you take steroids medicaments or other drugs that might prevent healing?
High or Low refractive error – do you use eyewear/lenses every day or just from time to time? Is your prescription extremely high?
Stable refraction – is your prescription stable or have changed during last year?
Corneal thickness – do you have thin corneas?
Pupil size – are your pupils really large in dark conditions?
Tear production – do you have a dry eye problem?
Age – How old are you? You can only undergo this procedure if you are over 21.
Pregnancy – Are you pregnant?