Arthroscopic Knee Surgery
(Knee arthroscopy, Knee scope – arthroscopic lateral retinacular release; Synovectomy – knee; Patellar (knee) debridement; Meniscus repair; Lateral release; Knee surgery; Meniscus-arthroscopy; Collateral ligament-arthroscopy)
|Benefits||full recovery, detailed diagnosis|
|Stay in Poland – Basic Package||4 days|
|Stay in Poland – Comfort Package||7 days|
|Stay in Poland – Full Rehabilitation Package||14 days|
|Follow up||next day, 3 days, 10 days stitches removal, 6 weeks after surgery, then if needed|
|Back to work time (office)||6 weeks|
|Full recovery time||8-12 weeks with rehabilitation|
|Approximate Package cost||please see in fees section|
1. General Treatment Information
a) Expected results, benefits
What are the benefits of knee arthroscopy?
Results may vary depending on the level of injury and the age of the Patient. With young, generally fit people, the arthroscopic knee surgery has a really high efficiency, helping to get back to full physical activity in a relatively short time. In cases with extensive injuries and bad health condition, you should expect slower recovery and possibly not coming back to full functionality. Nevertheless, this is a very safe and most popular way to treat knee injuries.
b) About the procedure
Knee arthroscopy is a procedure where the doctor inserts a small camera and operating arthroscopic tools to your knee, through small cuts. It gives a clear view what happens inside the knee joint, what is a diagnosis and helps to treat it. It is a very effective and safe procedure among knee treatments; more than 4 million knee arthroscopies are performed every year, due to American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine information. In this kind of surgery you will definitely need an anaesthesia, but after discussion with the doctor, you will both decide, taking into consideration health and other factors, which kind will be most suitable: general, local or regional (spinal). In spinal anaesthesia a medicine is injected into space in your spine, you will not feel anything from the waist down, but will stay conscious.
c) Treatment Schedule
On the day of your knee arthroscopy, you will be asked not to drink or eat anything 6-12 hours before the surgery. You will be given an anaesthesia (local, regional or general). If you will stay conscious you will be able to track the surgery on the monitor. Small cuts will be made to get into your knee, then sterile salt water will be pumped to expand it and to get better visibility. The arthroscope enters through one of the cuts to locate a problem, later other tools may be inserted into incisions to repair the issue. After the procedure, all of the saline will be drained out and cuts will be closed with stitches. The whole procedure usually lasts for one to two hours.
d) Potential side effects
What are the side effects of knee arthroscopy?
Although the procedure is considered as safe and complications occur infrequently, there is always a small risk that any of following may appear:
- infection (if you feel fever, chills, increased pain, significant swelling it may be a signal of an infection)
- blood clots
- accumulation of blood in the knee
- injury of a nerve
Also, a general anaesthesia may cause risks like allergic reactions or breathing problems.
e) Full Recovery Time
How long does it take till I recovery from a knee arthroscopy?
The level of the knee recovery after arthroscopy depends on the issue treated, the general health condition of the patient, age and commitment to physical rehabilitation. Coming back to full activity is fast in most cases, although you will need crutches for the first phase of convalescence. You may also need some painkillers at the beginning. If your procedure was more complex, parts of the joint were repaired or reconstructed, you may need a knee brace and crutches for several weeks than the full recovery may take up to a year.
2. Patient’s preparation
The surgeon will explain to you how to behave before, during and after knee arthroscopy, probably he will ask you to stop smoking – it increases a risk of getting a wound infection, and also may slow down your recovery or even lead to complications. You may be asked to wear compression stocking – they prevent from blood clots in your legs. You may receive an anticlotting injection instead. If you will have a general anaesthesia, you will be asked not to eat or drink anything for about six hours before your surgery. Very important is to follow the rules to stop taking medicines that rarefy your blood (like aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen) during two weeks before surgery. You should not drink alcohol before the procedure. If you have any illness, like cold or fever, it may also influence your possibility to get the surgery. To plan your procedure properly, your orthopaedic surgeon may arrange some tests like blood counts, electrocardiogram EKG or MRI.
Before making a decision about knee arthroscopy your Doctor will probably make a former careful examination, checking if you had any recent injuries, where you feel pain and other symptoms, usually he will make some extra tests like blood tests, X-Ray, Ultrasound or MRI scan.
How it works in EuroTreatMed:
If you have a set of necessary medical documentation, it is possible to qualify you for the procedure during online consultations with our Doctor. Otherwise, you will need to come before the weekend (on Thursday) in order to undergo an MRI and X-Ray, as well as blood tests and a pre-surgery consultation. For the online- qualification you will need to prepare:
- Knee MRI (not older than 6 months),
- X-RAY in the standing position,
- X-RAY side position API,
- Valid hepatitis vaccination.
If you have any questions please do not hesitate to contact us!
4. Qualification for the procedure
Arthroscopy is a diagnostic procedure itself, but there are several indications that may directly indicate the need of submitting the surgery if other treatment methods such as resting, physiotherapy, injections and medicines are not leading to relief. Some of those are knee joints injuries, instability in movements, fractures inside the joint, degenerative changes, rheumatoid arthritis or tumours.